Anabolic steroids have gained popularity among athletes. Even with their physically demanding world, steroids have found a way to boost their performance in training and enhance their performance in their respective sports. History of the Olympic Games could attest that even Olympic Athletes used steroids to deliver exceptional performance. Even in the recently staged editions of the Olympic Games, there had been athletes who resorted to steroid use to boost their performance, even if it meant stripping them off of their medals after investigations.
Steroids Find Their Way into the Body
- Through injection
By using a needle, steroids are injected directly into the blood stream or into the muscle
- Through skin application
Steroids may also come as a form of cream that is rubbed directly on the user’s skin.
- Taken orally
Steroids can also be taken orally in the form of oral pills or gel tabs.
Beginning of Anabolic Steroids
- In the 1930s, a group of scientists created synthetic testosterone to treat men with low levels of the testosterone.
- During World War II, it was discovered that this artificial form of testosterone could help malnourished soldier to gain weight and to improve their performance.
- After the war, athletes continued to use steroids to improve their performance and deal with the physical demands the sporting world was giving them.
- Zeigler created anabolic steroid when he learned that the impressive performance of Soviet Union athletes was boosted by steroid use.
Banning of Anabolic Steroids
- In 1975, the International Olympic Committee banned the use of steroids in the Olympic Games due to athletes’ abuse and death.
- 1988 there was a federal regulation that stiffened penalties for the sale and possession of steroids.
- In 1990, it was placed under controlled substances schedule III. These drugs are considered to contribute to misuse, overuse, and abuse.
- Under the Steroid Control Act of 1990, any act, which includes use, distribution of, or manufacture of anabolic androgenic steroids for non – medical purposes is incriminating.
Do Steroids Cause Addiction?
If a user opts to stop using, he or she can experience withdrawal symptoms, which are linked to addiction. Symptoms include mood swings, restlessness, insomnia, reduced sex drive, the crave to take more steroids, and depression. However, evidences for steroid addiction do not suggest significant resemblance to those who get addicted to cocaine or any other addictive drugs. Users tend to develop tolerance and dependence.
What are the Effects of Steroids?
Steroids pose physical and psychological effects to its users.
- Physical Effects
- Androgenic effects include deepening of the voice, increased facial hair, and enlargement of some male sex glands.
- Anabolic effects include increase in muscle mass, increase calcium content in the bones, and increase in the size of some internal organs.
- Psychological Effects
- Steroid use can increase a persons’ aggressiveness or lead them to be more violent known as “roid rage”.
- Users may suffer from depression, paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment.
- Users feel good about themselves as a result of anabolic steroids.
- Extreme mood swings can occur.